Posts Tagged ‘Reflection’

How to Create a Reflection Using Photoshop

Posted in Photography, Photoshop

Here is the end result of this tutorial:


Here I have a scenic photo that I’ll add a reflection to:


The first thing I’ll do is extend the canvas where I want to add the reflection. I’ll go to Image / Canvas size:


Here the Canvas Size dialog box comes up. I’ll click on the top arrow because I want the added canvas to be at the bottom of the image. Where it shows the Height, I’ll add a few inches. The Height I’ll make 18. Here is the box when it first opens:


Here is the Canvas Size dialog box after the adjustments. Then I’ll click OK:


Here is the image with the extended canvas:


The next thing I’ll do is use the Magic Wand tool to select the white canvas:


I’ll click once on the white canvas to make the selection:


Now I’m going to pick a greenish color straight from the image. I’m using a greenish color, because it just happens to suit this image to give the water a greenish, murky color. I’ll use the Eye Dropper tool from the tools palette. I’ll just hover the dropper over the color I want, and click. I’ll be able to see the color I choose in the color picker box:


The next thing I’ll do is use the Brush Tool to paint in the color green into white canvas:


Here is what the image looks like so far:


Now I’ll hit CTRL+D to deselect the green section of the canvas:


Now I’m going to make a copy of the background layer. I’ll hit CTRL+J on my keyboard. Here’s what it looks like in the layers palette:


The next thing I’ll do is use the Rectangular Marquee tool to select the top part of the image. I will not be selecting the solid green section of the image. While using the Rectangular Marquee tool, I usually start at the bottom left or right corner and drag up to the opposite corner, then release the mouse:


Now I’ll go to Edit / Transform / Flip Vertical:


Now I’ll use the Move Tool to drag the flipped image down so that it covers the extra green canvas:


This is what it looks like at this point:


In “Layer 1” I’ll lower the Opacity to 60%:


See the results:


Next I’ll use some filters. The first filter I’ll use is Gaussian Blur. Filter / Blur / Gaussian Blur:


Here the Gaussian Blur dialog box comes up. I’ll use a Radius of 3.7 pixels:


The next filter I’ll use is the Wave filter. Filter / Distort / Wave:


Here the Wave dialog box comes up. The settings I used for this are: Number of Generators: 24, Wavelength: Min. 6, Max. 29, Amplitude: Min. 6, Max. 20, and Scale: Horiz. 6%, Vert. 6%. The Type I’ll keep at “Sine”, and the Undefined Areas I’ll keep at “Repeat Edge Pixels.” Then I’ll click OK:


Now I’ll add a layer mask to “Layer 1”. I’ll make sure that “Layer 1” is selected and then I’ll click on the Add Layer Mask icon at the bottom of the layers palette:


Next I’ll go to the Gradient tool in the tools palette. I’ll choose the Linear gradient. I’ll set the Opacity to 50%:


Now I’ll drag the Gradient tool, starting at the top center of the reflection and ending at the bottom center of the reflection:


Here is the end result:
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