In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to colorize a black and white photo into the above image. Here I have a photograph of my grandmother taken when she was 16. It has a sepia cast which I’ll need to get rid of to do a proper colorization of this photo: The first thing I’ll do is turn this photograph black & white. I’ll go to Image, Adjustments, Black & White: The Black & White dialog box will open up. Since the photo is sepia, most of the sliders will do nothing. Just the red and yellow will make a difference. I’ll move the sliders to the right to lighten the photo just a little, then click OK: The next thing I’ll do is make a new layer. This is the layer I’ll use to paint on. I’ll name this layer “Overalls” and I’ll make sure that I change the mode from Normal to Color: Now I’ll pick a color from the color picker palette. I’ll choose a blue color for the overalls: The next thing I’ll do is add a mask to the “Overalls” layer. I’ll click on the mask icon at the bottom of the layers palette: I used the mask to clean all around the overalls. Remember black reveals and white conceals when you’re painting with the mask: Here’s the photograph so far: I decided to lower the opacity of the blue overalls; this is how the layers palette looks at this point: Now it’s time to add some skin color. This can be tricky and it’s a matter of taste. I’ll make a new layer like I did for the overalls and I’ll label it “Skin Color”. I’ll remember to change the mode from Normal to Color. I’ll pick a light brown color, and when I’m finished painting the skin I’ll just lower the opacity to give it a more realistic look: Using the same method as above, I’ll make the hat and scarf yellow. Here’s what the layers palette should look like. It’s hard to see anything in the hat and skin layers because the colors are light. But they are there: Here’s the finished photograph: This post is dedicated to Katie. I hope this helps you.
Above, I have a photo of a model that I had taken in Amherst, MA. This shot is straight out of the camera and needs some work. The first thing I’m going to do is go into the color balance to correct her skin color: When the Color Balance dialog box opens up I’ll put in (-6, +2, +13) to take out some of the orange cast to her skin. Then I’ll click OK: Now I’m going to zoom in close to her eyes. The first thing you look at, for most people, is a person’s eyes. I’ll brighten them up and make them stand out. I’ll brighten the eyes using the Dodge Tool: I’ll pick a small soft brush and slowly dodge around the whites of her eyes at a low exposure of about 17%. I’ll set the range to Highlight: See the difference between the left eye that was dodged and the right eye that wasn’t touched yet: Now that the eyes are done, it’s time to make her lips a little redder so they stand out. For this step I’m going to pick a color that’s already her lip color. I’ll use the Eye Dropper Tool from the tools bar. I’ll click once on her lips to capture the color: Here, I’ll use a soft brush, and it’s important to have the brush mode set to Color. I’ll use a 50% opacity: I deepened the color of hers lips and dodged her teeth, and I also dodged the highlights in her lips: Now it’s time to work on her hair. I’ll pick a bright highlight color from her hair the same way I picked a color for her lips, using the eyedropper tool. Here is the color I selected: I want the color to be brighter than the color I selected, so I’ll double click on the color that’s in the foreground of the Color Picker box. This will bring up the Color Picker dialog box. There’s a white circle, which represents the color chosen. I’ll just drag it up a little to pick a color that’s brighter. Then I’ll click OK. I’ll adjust the opacity of the brush as I paint around her hair: The next thing I’ll do is to brighten the image overall. To do this I’ll use the curves: When the Curves dialog box opens, I’ll just grab the center of the line and drag it up just a little to brighten the image overall. Then I’ll click OK. The last thing I’ll do is just run the history brush across her lips to make them darker and stand out. I’ll set the history brush one step before the curves in the history palette: Here are the before and after shots. The fixes are subtle, but make a big difference: I hope you enjoyed this tutorial.
Above is the result of this tutorial. Here I have a photo of a red pepper. I think it needs a little life. I’ll take it and drop it into Photoshop: What I need to do is get a photo of eyes and a photo of a mouth. Here I have a photo of eyes that I’ll start with. Family members are good victims for this: I’ll try to make this as easy as possible. For this project I’ll use the clone tool. So, the first thing I’ll do is select the clone tool from the tool box: Before I start to do any cloning, I’ll make a new layer to put the cloned eye onto. Click the new layer icon at the bottom of the layers palette: I’ll rename the layer to “Left Eye”. To do this I’ll just double click on the word “layer” and type in the words “Left Eye”: Then I’ll click on the eye photo to make it active. I’ll place the clone brush over the left eye, hold down the ATL key on the keyboard to make the selection. One click should do it. Then I’ll click on the pepper photo and start cloning in the eye: The next thing I’ll need to do is to add a mask to the “Left Eye” layer. To do this I’ll click on the mask icon at the bottom of the layers palette: Now I’ll start painting back the pepper around the eye using the paint brush. It’s important to know the when you’re painting using the mask. Black reveals and white conceals: Here I painted back the red pepper around the eye using low opacity. I used an opacity of 45% and I left the mode to normal: Now I’ll follow the same steps to do the right eye: Here I have a photo of a family member’s mouth. I’ll follow the same steps for the mouth as for each of the eyes: Here is what the layer palette should look like at this point, and here is the happy pepper. I’m not quite finished yet though: The next thing I’ll do is combine the layers. To do this without flattening the image, hit CTRL-ALT-SHIFT-E at the same time on your keyboard to create a “composite” layer. This will merge the layers together into a copy of the combined layers, leaving the original layers untouched. I’ll name this layer “Merged Layers”: The next thing I like to do is put the photo into the liquify filter to make the eyes bigger. I’ll make sure that I’m on the “Merged Layers” layer: Here is the Liquify dialog box: Once I’m in the Liquify dialog box, I’ll use the bloat tool to puff up the eyes: I’ll just click on the tool and then hover over the eye. At this point I’ll click on the center of the eye and I’ll be able to see the eye puff up. I just want to puff it up a little, not too much. See the difference between the left eye that I bloated and the untouched right eye. When I’m finished I’ll click OK: Here is the finished “Happy Pepper” photo: It’s not over till it’s over. There’s still a lot of things I can do to this image to enhance it. It’s fun to play with filters and other tools to see what more could be done. So, take photos of apples, pears, bananas or whatever fruit you like and have fun with it. Enjoy!
Above, I have a photo of an eye. It’s a pretty green eye, but for this tutorial I’ll be changing it to blue. The first thing I’ll do is hit CTRL-J on my keyboard to make a duplicate layer of the eye. This will allow me to have more control later on. I’ll name “Layer 1” to “eye”. To name the eye layer just double click on the word “layer” and then you’ll be able to type in the word “eye”: The next thing I’ll do is pick the color blue from the swatches palette: After I pick the blue color from the swatches palette, I’ll see it in the color picker in the tool box: Next, I’ll go to the options bar at the top of the screen and change the brush mode from Normal to Color. This will allow the details of the eye to come through: Now it’s time to paint the eye blue. It’s ok if it’s a little sloppy at first. The next step will fix that problem. The next step is to add a mask to the eye layer: Now I can clean up around the eye with the mask using the paint brush. Remember that “black reveals and white conceals”. The advantage of having a separate layer is that, it’s possible to lower the opacity of the eye color. Here the opacity is at 100%: Here the opacity is at 65%: Here the opacity is at 40%: I think I like the eye at 40% opacity, so that’s how I’m going to leave it. This is an easy way to change the color of someone’s eye, and you can make it any color you want. Here is the end result: Remember when you’re finished to set the brush mode back to Normal. Enjoy!
The above pink daisy didn’t start out that way. Here I have a photo of a yellow daisy. Let say, I want to make this daisy pink. There are a lot of ways to do this. For this tutorial I’m going to use the brush tool from the tool box in Photoshop: The first thing I’ll do is go to the Color Swatches palette to pick the color I want. Here I’ll pick a pinkish color: When I click on a color from the Color Swatch palette, the color appears in the “color picker” box in the tool box: Before I start to paint with the brush tool, I’ll need to go to the options bar at the top of the screen to change the mode from Normal to Color: The Color option is at the bottom of the menu: Setting the mode to Color allows me to brush the new color over the flower leaving the texture of the flower intact. Here I’ve taken the paint brush and painted over half of the flower to show how the paint brush works: Here is the finished photo: Try this technique for yourself and have fun!